Chemical Agents of Opportunity for Terrorism: TICS & TIMs
In recent years, there has been growing concern that many of the most likely threats of chemical terrorism involve so-called “agents of opportunity.” Both common and unusual industrial agents may pose a considerable threat as potential terrorist weapons. While an understanding of the traditional military chemical weapons (e.g. nerve agents) remains essential, an appreciation of the myriad of other potential toxic chemicals readily available in our society is crucial if we are to optimally prepare, identify and defend against chemical threats. Many toxic industrial chemicals are easily obtainable from multiple sources in our communities and pose a serious threat to health if accidentally released or intentionally disseminated.
The American College of Medical Toxicology (ACMT), with sponsorship by the US Department of Homeland Security Office of Health Affairs Chemical Defense Program, is pleased to offer this Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) approved (EPA 004-RESP, see p.103) one-day course.
This course will utilize a symptom-based clinical approach to describe the medical impact of various chemical poisons. It will provide a framework to enhance recognition of the common health effects of apparently disparate chemical toxins, describe the risk to various healthcare workers, and introduce clinical and public health management strategies. The traditional military warfare chemical agents will not be covered in these lectures because information on these agents is readily accessible through a number of other forums.
The information presented will be of interest to state and local first responders, EMTs, paramedics, emergency physicians, emergency response coordinators, public health officials, industrial hygienists and others involved with chemical terrorism preparedness and response.
This course has been approved (see p. 103) by FEMA for first responders.
First responders may be eligible for reimbursement of expenses associated with attending this course under the Homeland Security Grant Program (HSGP). Check with your agency to determine if HSGP funding is available.
Certificate of Completion
Attendees successfully completing this course will receive a certificate of attendance from the American College of Medical Toxicology.
By attending this one-day course, the participant will be able to:
- Understand the concept of chemical agents of opportunity, TICs and TIMs, and appreciate the basis for increased public health preparedness.
- Identify chemical agents of opportunity that could be used by terrorists.
- Discuss the past use of these chemicals in mass exposure situations,
- Describe the major health effects of TICs, TIMs and other important non-volatile chemical agents that could be used by terrorists.
- Identify the primary modalities available to treat victims of such chemical exposures.
- Understand the psychological impact of mass chemical exposures.
||Introduction & Welcome - Course Overview
||Toxic Warfare: Looking Beyond Conventional Chemical Weapons
||Clinical Neurotoxicology of Chemical Terrorism
||Toxic Industrial Gases as Terrorist Threats
||Cyanide and Fumigants
||Chemical Contamination of Food, Water & Medication
||Terrorism by Fear & Uncertainty: Delayed Toxic Syndromes
||Observed Behaviors During Mass Chemical Exposures
||Conclusion and Evaluations