An article published in the Journal of Medical Toxicology on July 24 is receiving national attention. The study is a retrospective analysis that was conducted of out-of-hospital dietary supplement exposures reported to the National Poison Data System from 2000 through 2012.
Among the results: The majority of dietary supplement exposures (70.0%) occurred among children younger than 6 years old and were acute (94.0%) and unintentional (82.9%). Serious medical outcomes accounted for 4.5% of exposures and most (95.0%) occurred among individuals 6 years and older. Ma huang products, yohimbe, and energy products were the categories associated with the greatest toxicity.
The article looks at several supplement exposures including:
- Ma huang, also known as ephedra, is a botanical stimulant used to boost energy, improve alertness, lose weight, and improve athletic performance
- Yohimbe is a botanical supplement used for a number of purposes, including to enhance male sexual performance
- Energy drinks
- Dietary supplements
Authors: Nisha Rao, Henry A. Spiller, Nichole L. Hodges, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Marcel J. Casavant, Amrit K. Kamboj, Gary A. Smith
Press release from Nationwide Children's, workplace of Gary A. Smith, MD, senior author of the study.